this is bbc news. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories... we speak to the un secretary general as he tours the caribbean, devastated by recent hurricanes. has the international community done enough? we launched an appeal and the appeal is insufficiently funded so i strongly ask the international community to increase humanitarian aid to the caribbean states. a state of emergency in four southern us states, as hurricane nate approaches the gulf coast. new orleans prepares for the worst. tens of thousands on the streets of spain as the country faces a critical test over catalonia's demand for independence. this is horrible, i don't agree with any of it. i hope we reach a solution soon because it's very bad for spain. the exhibition that examines if the friendship between salvador dali and marcel duchamp made modern art what it is today. hello and welcome to bbc news.
the us gulf coast is braced for hurricane nate to make landfall east of new orleans bringing torrential rain and winds of more than 160 kilometres an hour. it's already caused major damage to several central american countries leaving at least 25 people dead. more on hurricane nate in a moment. but first, as this year's hurricane season causes widespread devastation, the un secretary general, antonio guterres is currently touring the caribbean to see the damage for himself. earlier he spoke to my colleague alpa patel and said he's increasingly concerned by global warming and its effect on the weather. well, it is horrible to see a paradise island like barbuda
turned into hell. 95% of the houses have been destroyed. total devastation. the people had to be completely evacuated. this is something we are seeing more and more, there is an increasing intensity of hurricanes and increased frequency and increased devastation. the origin is clear, we are facing the consequences of climate change. we hear the most appalling stories of people who are homeless, without clean water, the hospitals are without electricity. do you think the response to these hurricanes just was not good enough? well... there is an enormous effort, first of all by the caribbean states themselves and the caribbean emergency mechanisms that are working. the un is doing its best to support the islands. we launched an appeal and the appeal is insufficiently funded so i strongly ask the international
community to increase humanitarian aid to the caribbean states and especially to be able to support these states for reconstruction and to build resilience. there will be a very important conference for the imf and world bank in their meeting, i appeal for strong solidarity with the people of the caribbean. these people have not contributed to climate change but they are in the first line of victimisation. they need the support of all the international community. you said you had not seen the donations flowing into these countries. why do you think that is? well, i think the world is so focused on so many crises and so many situations that, naturally, these things tend to be forgotten. but this level of destruction and devastation is such that i believe we have all...
because we all contribute to climate change around the world, we have a moral obligation to express solidarity with these first victims of the dramatic increases we are seeing is a consequence of climate change. you talk about climate change and as we speak another hurricane is on its way through this area. what do you make of that? will we be seeing more and more hurricanes? the scientific proof is there. warmer oceans, more heat in the atmosphere and as the oceans warm there is more evaporation and vapour in the atmosphere and that means heavier rainstorms. when a hurricane moves over the ocean its intensity increases dramatically. when it reaches land it has a devastating impact, as we have seen.
instead of dissipating over the ocean, the intensity is, indeed, enormously enhanced. it is clear that a warmer climate means more hurricanes and more devastating hurricanes and we need to do everything to stop this. we need to make sure that the paris agreement on climate change is implemented and more. the paris agreement is not enough. be on hand commitments need to be made by countries around the world in order to make sure we are able to dominate this dramatic evolution. the un secretary general antonio guterres talking to my colleague alpa patel. and we'll have more from that interview later in this programme. donald trump has issued an emergency declaration as hurricane nate approaches the us gulf coast. most oil and gas platforms in the gulf of mexico have closed. warnings are in place across louisiana, mississippi and alabama. areas outside new orleans have
already been evacuated and a curfew is in place. it's the fourth major storm to hit the us in less than two months. it has already caused devastation across central america, killing at least twenty five people and causing heavy rain, landslides and floods. julia macfarlane reports. last—minute scrambles at the supermarket — food, supplies, fuel, anything that might be needed. new orleans is not taking any chances. as citizens make their final preparations, shipping lanes have been closed, curfews have been set, and evacuations ordered for some areas. our greatest threat from this particular storm, because everyone is different, is not necessarily rain, but strong winds and storm surge. i am ordering a mandatory evacuation of venetian isles, lake catherine, and areas of the city of new orleans. nate is the ninth hurricane to form
in the atlantic in this busy season. louisiana, mississippi, alabama, and parts of florida have issued written warnings and evacuation orders. what do you pray for at a time like this? for god to help us through this storm, you know, and everything to be ok when we get back home, and everybody is safe. although it is less powerful than other recent storms, the governor of louisiana warned citizens to take it seriously that nate has the potential to do a lot of damage. you can already see the damage in central america, still dealing with the tail end of the storm. at least 25 people have died in costa rica, nicaragua, and honduras. in costa rica, 400,000 people were reported to be without running water. the intense rains and winds made short work of homes, trees, even roads. it is expected to make landfall in the us on saturday night.
on the line is andrew fofo gilich. he's the mayor of biloxi in mississippi. thank you so much for speaking to us here on bbc news. can you tell me how it looks right now? right now is the before the storm. we can see a rising tide and the squall coming in. were about 100 miles away from the eye of the storm at this point. i think it is travelling at 20 miles an hour, and landfall will take place about five hours from now. we hope for the best but we need to prepare for every contingency. we have manned a tory curfews going
into place —— mandatory curfew is going into place right now. i am in my car right now, the rain is increasing. it is something we will warn that to take seriously. a 911 foot storm surge is expected. a number of years ago, katrina, people know that the storm surge and the rise of the sea is very serious and oui’ rise of the sea is very serious and our city is a peninsula so we are surrounded on three sides by water. it has been a task to make certain that everybody is battened down and that everybody is battened down and thatis that everybody is battened down and that is what we are doing right now. we are looking now would pictures of the weather there in biloxi. you are i’ows the weather there in biloxi. you are rows and about. what are you doing. what preparations can you make? well, again, if there are people
hanging around, we have casino resorts here, they need to shut their operations down. multi—storey buildings, those above the storm surge. the building code that we had in place that came from the katrina experience we feel that it is a test of those engineering and building improvements. since 2005 i think our structures have improved and the hype and the velocity zone that we pay attention to, this will be a test. we don't need it but we have to, again, this has been a season
from texas to florida, puerto rico, central america it is just mother nature, something you can not take lightly. all the best for the coming days and we appreciate you taking time out of your preparations. and you can keep up with the progress of hurricane nate with our online coverage. visit bbc.com for the latest preparation efforts on the us gulf coast. tens of thousands of people have been taking part in rallies across spain, in response to last sunday's controversial independence referendum in catalonia. the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, has insisted that any declaration of independence by the catalan region will have no effect. in an interview for a spanish newspaper, el pais, he said he couldn't rule out suspending catalonia's regional autonomy. james reynolds reports. in spain's capital, demonstrators came out to deliver a simple
message, this country should not be broken into pieces. the region of catalonia must give up its plans to declare independence. translation: this is horrible. i don't agree with any of it. and i hope we reach a solution soon, because it's very bad for spain. translation: we have come to ask for the unity of spain. we don't want spaniards to fight amongst each other. there is a minority of separatists, but i think the majority of catalans want to be with us. these spanish demonstrators in the southern city of alicante are fed up with flag—waving. they choose to wear neutral white. they are from a new movement called shall we talk? the middle ground of spain is now trying to make itself heard. campaigners here want the authorities in madrid
and barcelona to end their brinkmanship and begin real talks. translation: i'm here because i want unity for spain. i don't want division for anything in the world, because the most important thing is that we unite with love and help each other. what's the solution? dialogue. dialogue between both parts. madrid and barcelona? yes, of course. will that happen? i don't think so. the campaign for dialogue extends to barcelona, the heart of catalonia's pro—independence movement. politicians on either side have shown recent signs of wanting to find a way out of the current crisis. these mass demonstrations may help them to make up their mind. a short time ago we received this
update from madrid. the catalan authorities in barcelona have to decide whether or not to declare independence as they promised in recent days. the catalan lido leader —— leader is set to move towards a declaration of independence and if he does the authorities here are madrid then have a decision to make. they need to make need to decide if they will suspend self—determination in catalonia as is their right in the constitution. it may be that politicians on each side do not wish to go down that road to crisis. we may find out more on tuesday when the catalan leader addresses parliament. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. the interior ministry in saudi arabia says two soldiers have been killed in an attack on a guard post outside the king's palace in jeddah. they say a man drove up to the gate and began shooting. the gunman, identified as a 28—year—old saudi national, was killed by royal guards. police in denmark say they have found the head and other missing body parts of swedish
journalist kim wall. she disappeared in august after boarding a submarine with its inventor. peter madsen has been accused of killing her but denies the charges. he's being detained while investigations continue. a car is plugging to pedestrians outside the natural history museum in london. police say they do not treat the incident as terrorism related. one man has been arrested. one man has been arrested. in london, a woman has been arrested after trying to scale the front gates of buckingham palace. police say the woman, in her 30s, was detained on suspicion of trespass but that the incident was not thought to be terror—related. police in the us state of washington have arrested the rapper nelly after a woman accused him of sexually assaulting her on a tour bus. nelly‘s lawyer described the allegation as completely fabricated and motivated by greed. he's best known for his number one hits "hot in here" and "dilemma". we speak to the un secretary general
as he too is part of the caribbean devastated by recent hurricane is, about whether the international community had done enough. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything will be different from now on. they think their country will be respected in the world once more as it used to be before slobodan milosevic took power. the dalai lama, the spiritual leader of tibet, has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade reached its climax, two grenades exploded and a group of soldiers jumped from a military truck and ran towards the president, firing from kalashnikov automatic rifles.
after 437 years, the skeletal ribs of henry viii's tragic warship emerged. but even as divers work to bouy her up, the mary rose went through another heart—stopping drama. i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the un secretary general tours caribbean regions devastated by recent hurricanes. he asks the international community for a greater commitment to affected regions. a state of emergency in four southern us states, as hurricane nate approaches the gulf coast — new orleans prepares for the worst. more now from our extensive
interview with the un secretary general, antonio guterres. my colleague alpa patel began by asking him how concerned he was with the growing tensions between the us and north korea. i believe it is very important above all to preserve the unity of the security council, to keep all of the countries together. i think the sanctions were a very important step. on hand, it puts enormous pressure which is necessary to keep but on the other hand, i believe it opens the possibility and the opportunity for diplomatic engagement. i am a believer there is no military solution for this crisis. it would be devastating. i ama crisis. it would be devastating. i am a believer that is the opportunity created by the unity of the security council must be put in place and that we must have an
effective diplomatic engagement. on iran, donald trump is expected next week to withdraw his support from the nuclear deal. do you think that would harm the future security of that deal? well, it depends of course on what the congress will decide and there are other important partners. i am a strong believer that the deal was an important step forward for all collective security andi forward for all collective security and i hope the new deal will be able to stand. moving on to the rohingya muslims. will you be able to access rakhine state where there have been alleged human rights abuses? i hope that will be possible. we have insisted on the need to stop
military operations and to have access to the areas impacted by the islands and also to affirm the right of return for the people who fled in huge numbers, more than half a million, to bangladesh. and to the areas of origin. and i strongly hope that this, together with the recommendations of the group led by kofi and none, try to find a solution to this dramatic problem, i hope what i have asked for will be in fermented by the government of myanmar. —— kofi annan. in fermented by the government of myanmar. -- kofi annan. we have heard the horrifying stories of rape and murder. will the un be pushing to hold these people accountable for these abuses responsible? the human rights council has appointed a commission of enquiry and they will
be travelling to bangladesh. they asked to visit myanmar and the authorisation was not given. i strongly urge the government of myanmar to allow the commission of enquiry to be able to witness what has gone on and that is a basic need. president donald trump had said he wants to see the organisation reformed and i believe you have expressed support for that. what can we see in the future when it comes to the un and reforms? since the beginning of my presence in the un, i have said that we needed a number of very important reforms to make it more quick, nimble in responding to the different situations of emergency we face in the world. more able to have
preventative and mediation capacity facing the enormous conflicts we have. we launched a number of processes in related to peacekeeping. making the un more able to respond to the needs of the member states. all of these are now presented to the member states, to the general assembly, to the different bodies and hope that countries will come together and be able to support these reforms but i think are essentialfor able to support these reforms but i think are essential for the un. able to support these reforms but i think are essentialfor the un. also to regain full confidence of the peoples of this world. we are here to serve, to serve the people. and it is necessary that the people see the un as an instrument to support them and for that, we cannot be bureaucratic, we cannot be slow. we need to be fast and respect people
and make sure the money is well spent. he's one of the biggest names in the history of art, famous for his surrealism and flamboyant character. now salvador dali's work will feature in an exhibition at the royal academy of arts in london — alongside marcel duchamp — the father of conceptual art. the show reveals an unlikely relationship between the two artists. wendy hurrell has been to take a look. two famous works. the lobster telephone and the bicycle wheel, by two artists challenging how we see life. salvador dali and marcel duchamp made an odd couple. they were different characters. dali was a surrealist showman running around proclaiming his own genius. duchamp, much more quiet and reserved. but they shared beliefs, artistic values, and had a similar sense of humour. if they did not meet, did not strike up a friendship,
if they did not adore playing chess with each other and holidaying, i don't think we would have seen contemporary art as it is today. they bounced off of each other and forged the way forward. and both, of course, went on to produce the 20th century's most important artworks. film reel: most impressive of all is dali's crucifixion. those great paintings seen through duchamp's glasses, gives us a new perspective on both artists. it's the scale, the proportions, the perspectives, the division up and down. the rather ambiguous body. and i find the connection completely fascinating. alongside the major works, films and books and letters between the two men and lesser—known paintings. the two portraits of the artists' fathers,
both done when they were young men. quite similar in presentation. but very different in character. i mean, dali's portrait of his father has a very forbidding and sceptical expression, largley because his son was expelled from the academy of fine art and he was disappointed. you can ponder these artworks and their friendship at the academy of arts in london. a reminder of the developing story this article donald trump has issued an emergency declaration as hurricane nate approaches big us gulf coast. five ports have closed and evacuation orders have been issued for some low—lying areas. most oil and gas platforms in the gulf of mexico travels and it is gathering strength with winds of more than 130 kilometres per hour. stay with us here on bbc news. hello.
the month of october can offer up a real mishmash of weather types. in fact, you can get a mix injust one day. that was certainly the case on saturday. the north—east of scotland, clouds parted eventually. not sure they never did in the south—west. it wasn't just plymouth. a lot of cloud around across the british isles. at least it's helping to keep temperatures up. the first part of sunday, not great for most, it has to be said. sunshine across the western side of scotland. more in the way of cloud in the north of ireland. the last of the overnight showers affecting the far north—east of scotland. more cloud running in the irish sea to the north of wales, through merseyside, off to greater manchester. generally speaking, the further south and east you are, the more likely you will have a dry start to the day.
as the day goes on, that cloud just beginning to break up. central and eastern parts of scotland, faring nicely. the south—east and east anglia as well. generally more cloud in western areas. but don't give up hope of seeing sunshine in sheltered south—estaern parts of wales. with the sunshine, you could get a boost of temperatures to possibly 16, 17, possibly 18 degrees. through the later part of the afternoon, northern ireland, filling in the cloud again. the same in central scotland. the rain becoming more widespread. perhaps scotland is seeing some of the better weather. slovenia. it could be wet for england as they take on lithuania. back to monday, not a bad day again. the rain i am showing you is not especially intense. ramping up later on in the day. as we see a more active weather system coming in from the atlantic, and gradually through the day on tuesday, it will push this area
of cloud and wind and some really quite heavy rain at times ever further towards the south—east. but at least that opens up the opportunity following on behind of some drier and brighter weather. showers in the west of scotland. feeling a tad cooler as well. at least that is some decent and proper sunshine. another set of fronts moving in through wednesday. that leads us into a breezier midweek period through all parts of the british isles. this is bbc news, the headlines. as the latest hurricane of the season heads towards the united states the un secretary general, antonio guterres, who is currently touring the caribbean to see the damage from recent storms for himself has asked the international community for a greater commitment
to affected regions. president trump has issued an emergency declaration as hurricane nate approaches the united states. five ports have closed to shipping as a precaution and evacuation orders have been issued for some low—lying areas. nate has been gathering strength as it crosses the gulf of mexico. the spanish prime minister, has insisted that any declaration of independence by the catalonia region will have no effect. he was speaking after a day of rallies around the country in favour of national unity. some councils say they're not getting the money they need to carry out urgent safety improvements on tower blocks following the grenfell disaster.